「君不見黃河之水天上來…」開學了!一起來重溫中學時期的中文課文
2021年9月1日
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「君不見黃河之水天上來…」開學了!一起來重溫中學時期的中文課文

Written 誠品香港

今天是開學日,還記得那時最期待上的課堂是甚麼嗎?最不感興趣的又是甚麼?雖然我們已經闊別校園多年,對在學時期的記憶有點模糊,但那些曾經令我們花上好幾天的時間去背誦的課文,仍然記憶猶新。就算不能琅琅上口地背誦出來,也會覺得有些句子好熟悉,甚至能接到下一句,這些經典課文,都深深地烙印在我們的腦海中。
 
就趁著開學日,讓我們來重溫一下中文課文,看看你是不是把所有的知識都還給中文老師了!
 
  1. 歐陽修《醉翁亭記》
 
「醉翁之意不在酒,在乎山水之間也。山水之樂,得之心而寓之酒也。」
 
記得學這一篇時,任教的老師會一邊扮喝酒一邊朗讀課文,更會演出「醉翁」那又喜又悲的複雜情緒,所以到現在仍然印象深刻!
 
除了「醉翁之意不在酒」、還有「觥籌交錯」、「峯迴路轉」等成語都出自《醉翁亭記》,寫的是醉翁亭秀麗而變化多姿的風景及太守與民同樂的情景,構成一幅美麗的山水畫,但當中夾雜著歐陽修被貶,娛情山水以排遣抑鬱的複雜情感。
 
  1. 陶淵明《桃花源記》
 
「忽逢桃花林,夾岸數百步,中無雜樹,芳草鮮美,落英繽紛,漁人甚異之。」
 
《桃花源記》描寫出一個與世隔絕、景色怡人、所有人都和平共處的一個仙景,是作者心中追求的理想和對現實的不滿。
 
那時教中文的老師也是一位視覺藝術老師,記得她教《桃花源記》時,由小溪,到桃花林,再到那些居民,她都一一畫在黑板上,到下課時整個黑板就是《桃花源記》所描寫的景象。
 
  1. 諸葛亮《出師表》
 
「先帝創業未半,而中道崩殂。今天下三分,益州疲敝,此誠危急存亡之秋也!」
 
《出師表》是諸葛亮出征北伐前,寫給後主劉禪的奏章,全篇都感受到語重心長的勸勉,句句皆是肺腑之言,希望劉禪能完成興復漢室的大業。
 
《出師表》是必定要背誦的課文之一,如果對三國歷史背景沒有一定的認識,背起上來也相當痛苦,幸好那時大家都愛玩與三國相關的遊戲,增添了不少學習的樂趣,所以學習真的不能只靠死記硬背!
 
  1. 杜甫《登樓》
 
「花近高樓傷客心,萬方多難此登臨。
錦江春色來天地,玉壘浮雲變古今。」

 
「詩聖」杜甫是一位愛國詩人,但卻仕途不得志,而《登樓》所寫的是眼前繁花盛放的春色,但卻滿懷對萬方多難,浮雲變幻的慨嘆。
 
「可憐後主還祠廟」亦出自《登樓》,主角就是剛剛《出師表》所提到的劉禪,而意思是像後主劉禪那樣的昏君,仍然在祠廟中享受祭祀,充滿著對皇帝昏庸的慨嘆。
 
  1. 李白《將進酒》
 
「君不見黃河之水天上來,奔流到海不復回?
君不見高堂明鏡悲白髮,朝如青絲暮成雪?」

 
「詩仙」李白與杜甫合稱「李杜」,他們都仕途坎坷,但李白的性格比較放蕩不羈,雖然不被重用,但他卻懂得活在當下的道理。
 
《將進酒》除了節奏明快,讀起上來琅琅上口之外,還有很多經典名句,例如「人生得意須盡歡」、「天生我材必有用」等,把樂活之道表現得淋漓盡致。
 
  1. 朱自清《背影》
 
「他肥胖的身子向左微傾,顯出努力的樣子。這時我看見他的背影,我的淚很快地流下來了。」
 
《背影》是描寫父愛親情的經典之作,文章描繪出朱自清的父親送行時為他買橘子時的背影,散落一地的橘子,父親蹣跚的背影,令作者深深感受到父親的愛。
 
  1. 林海音《爸爸的花兒落了》
 
「爸爸的花兒落了,我也不再是小孩子。」
 
《爸爸的花兒落了》是選自林海音所寫的《城南舊事》中最後一篇,文中描述了主角英子參加小學畢業典禮和英子的父親病逝,當中穿插著他們的往事回憶,表達父親對女兒的疼愛。
 
記得學《背影》和《爸爸的花兒落了》時並沒有什麼太大的感覺,可能當時爸爸還很年輕,但到現在長大了再看一遍,卻被深深感動,不禁流下眼淚。
 
  1. 西西《店舖》
 
「灰塵也值得細心觀看。正如一位拉丁美洲的小說家這樣說過:萬物自有生命,只消喚醒它們的靈魂。」
 
西西筆下的店舖,每一間都彷彿有生命,經歷過歲月的考驗和洗禮,令人感慨在時代的巨輪中,這些逐漸消失的老店,也同時教會我們,只要細心欣賞,每一件事物都有靈魂。
 
  1. 徐志摩《再別康橋》
 
「輕輕的我走了,
正如我輕輕的來;
我輕輕的招手,
作別西天的雲彩。」

 
學習新詩時必讀的課文非《再別康橋》莫屬,而當中的「輕輕的我走了,正如我輕輕的來」更被廣泛地運用。這首詩是講述徐志摩要離開摯愛之地,詩中的感情看似淡淡的,但其實作者心情十分惆悵,只是希望收起悲傷,瀟灑地、靜靜地道別這個他最愛的地方。
 
這幾篇精選經典中文課文你又記得多少呢?現在再重新看一遍,其實當中也有很多值得欣賞和學習的地方。有時後我們不一定要只顧向前衝,停下來回頭看,嘗試在過去所學到的知識中尋找新的靈感,相信也會有不少得著。
 
▍特別推薦—給在學的你
 
《背影》
作者 ︳朱自清
 
此為朱自清最膾炙人口的文章之一,一場車站的送行,一袋滾落的橘子,一個佝僂的背影,讓即將遠行的遊子再也無法隱藏內心的情感徹底崩潰。而他與父親的種種心結、衝突也浮上檯面。在才華洋溢的兒子眼裡,父親是愚昧且迂腐的,而不善用語言表達彼此的關心更是讓父子關係雪上加霜,直到自己身為人父之後他才逐漸理解父親,而父親蒼老的背影也成為他永遠難以忘懷的一幕。
 
《我城》
作者 ︳西西
 
本書為西西傳誦二十餘年之出名鉅著,風格獨特,無論結構、筆路、章法,皆發前人之所未發,其中寄託著青年的開放、進取、和各種成長之潛力充滿可能性,則小說本身之形式與內容也步趨呼應,鯱斷摸索、調整,構成了文學閱讀經驗中知性與感性的最大挑戰。
 
《寫給年輕人的文藝復興: 超圖解西洋美術史 I》
作者 ︳高階秀爾

透過漫畫,讀藝術史就像看電影,你將看到法國拉斯科的野牛壁畫被發現的過程,知道龐貝人的生活面貌,達文西發想各種發明的思路、拉斐爾一舉成名的故事、米開朗基羅畫出驚世之作「西斯汀禮拜堂天井畫」的曲折歷程,以及杜勒與馬丁路德交會的宗教革命時代。
 
《圖解化學元素週期表》
作者 ︳湯姆.傑克森

本書運用生動活潑的圖表,結合最新科學發現,帶領讀者認識從氬到鋅的每一個元素,說明每種元素的結構和特性,搭配發現元素的有趣小故事、令人意想不到的用途等等。書中概述元素的常見性質,也收錄其他版本的週期表,並簡介關於原子的基本知識,深入淺出地解析了構成這個世界的基礎。
 


走進閱讀世界,品味美好生活。讓人文、藝術、創意融入生活,創造更多元的文化體驗,注入生活情感溫度,共創城市的精彩!
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