《怎麼吃》慢下來品嚐食物,從禪法的角度體驗「吃」的美好
2021年7月23日
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《怎麼吃》慢下來品嚐食物,從禪法的角度體驗「吃」的美好

Written 誠品香港

都市人生活忙碌,時間變得珍貴,為了善用每分每秒,吃飯時通常都會一心二用,一邊吃一邊看電視或電話;一邊吃一邊想其他事情或煩惱,心不在焉地吃而沒有好好地感受當下,漸漸便忘記了「吃」是什麼滋味。
 
現在試回想一下,你記得昨天晚飯吃了什麼,是什麼味道,好不好吃嗎?你覺得吃很多也不夠飽不夠滿足嗎?你對上一次抱著感恩的心吃飯又是什麼時候?在做菜或洗碗時是在抱怨還是感到開心?
 
「吃」不只是填滿空虛的肚子,而是抱持正念去「吃」,與飲食的每一個層面建立愉快而永續的關係,由做菜開始到吃飯,甚至吃飽後的清理工作,都可以令我們和身邊的人,以至地球也能受惠。讓我們跟著一行禪師的飲食筆記,學習「吃」在當下,感受吃得滿足的力量吧!

 

作者簡介:一行禪師
 
1926年生於越南,16歲在慈孝寺出家,1949年受具足戒,為臨濟禪宗第四十二代、越南了觀禪師第八代傳人。1960年赴美普林斯頓大學研讀比較宗教學,並於哥倫比亞大學、康乃爾大學講學。持續推動反戰運動。1967年,美國黑人民權領袖馬丁‧路德‧金恩提名他角逐諾貝爾和平獎。1973年越南政府取消他的護照,自此離開越南,流亡法國。目前住在法國南部的禪修中心「梅村」(1982年創立),由僧俗弟子協助到世界各地帶領禪修活動,宣揚正念生活的藝術。

他是目前世界上最著名的一位禪師,教導正念禪修長達七十餘年,暢銷作品包括《當下自在》和《正念的奇蹟》。




由煮飯開始修行
 
—不慌不忙地煮飯
體認到自己和家人的身體都依賴正在準備的食物,這份察覺就會引導我們帶著滿滿的愛心和正念的專注力來烹調健康的食物。
 
煮飯對不少人來說都是一件苦差,要思考菜色、買材料、到煮飯,每一個步驟都要花上很多功夫和時間,你每次煮飯的時候又是抱著一個怎樣的心情?是埋怨,還是為親友下廚而感到開心?一行禪師建議我們可以嘗試預留多一點的時間去準備,心平氣和,悠哉悠哉地煮飯,想著為家人和自己準備一頓健康美味的飯,添上一份愛心,那下廚也會變成一件樂事。
 



慢下來才能真正享受食物
 
—慢慢來
從容用餐是很好的,因為用餐時刻可以非常快樂。
 
細嚼慢嚥,才能真正感受到食物的味道。你有試過因為趕時間而邊走邊吃嗎?試過因為忙碌的工作,必須在很短的時間吃完餐點嗎?或是你平時也習慣吃得很快,然後騰空時間去做其他事情?
 
一行禪師認為靜靜坐著吃飯是禪修的一部分,細味享受每一口食物,想想每一口的食物背後,也充滿著辛勞與愛心。這樣用餐時,不只是身體受到能量,心靈也得到滋養。
 



帶著感恩和關愛的心,笑著用餐
 
—用餐和微笑
坐在餐桌前跟其他人一起用餐時,可以趁這個機會帶給對方友誼和理解的真心笑容。
 
試回想一下,和家人一起吃飯時,你有帶著微笑嗎?吃飯是快樂享受的,如果一起用餐卻笑不出來,那麼大家的關係似乎有點不妙。其實不只是吃飯,在日常生活中時常保持微笑的話也能表達對對方的關愛。
 
吃飽後,身體的飢餓感被滿足了,心靈也得到了滋潤,此時可以懷著感恩,對食物心存感激的心,報以一個微笑,在禪學的角度這是一個惜福的表現,表達對擁有的珍惜和對生命的愛。
 



食存五觀
 
—須知出現在餐盤上的食物是許多愛心和辛勞的結晶。
 
食存五觀所提倡的有幾個要點:要知道面前的食物是由眾多生命的辛勞所帶來的禮物;要心懷感恩地去享用食物;不要貪心,應學習飲食適量;要保持慈悲的心,飲食的方式不要傷害地球;接受這份食物,同時要回饋社會。
 



正念進食,對地球也有益
 
—我們練習以正念飲食,不只是為了療癒自己和家人好友,也為了幫助世界脫離困境。
 
如果我們參考食存五觀,以正念去進食,不僅令自己和家人得到正能量,連地球也可以受惠。現今的飲食模式其實對地球帶來不少負擔,自助餐、放題等進食方式的出現,都是因為我們不太懂得怎麼「吃」。
 
這本書讀起來很輕鬆,配上簡單可愛的插圖,不知不覺地就會看完。就算是對禪法沒有興趣,但書中所提出的觀點都很值得深思,會令我們反省自己的行為,學會以正念去「吃」。
 

帶這本書回家
 

怎麼吃
作者│ 一行禪師
出版社│大塊文化
 
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